Emotional Intelligence and Anxiety during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A study on their relationships in young adults

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Abstract
Background and objectives:
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a large part of the world population toexperience anxiety. The levels of Perceived Emotional Intelligence and emotional regulation can be key factorsin modulating the levels of anxiety experienced and preventing the emotional disorders. The aim is to analyzehow the IEP levels and forms of emotional regulation of reappraisal and suppression influence the anxietyexperience.
Materials and methods:
99 participants aged between 18 and 35 completed the Inventory ofAnxiety Situations and Responses (ISRA-B) to analyze anxiety, the Trait Meta Mood Scale (TMMS-24) for IEP,the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) for emotional regulation and a sociodemographic questionnaireand situations related to the experience with COVID-19.
Results:
The measured IEP factors predict anxietylevels, high attention and low clarity and repair predict different anxiety responses and in different situationsin variable percentages. Reappraisal and suppression factors do not predict anxiety levels. Women experiencemore anxiety than men and those who have had relatives or friends who have suffered from COVID-19experience less anxiety.
Conclusions:
High levels of attention to feelings and low levels of clarity and emotionalrepair are risk factors for experiencing different types of anxiety in different situations, while the forms ofemotional regulation of reappraisal and suppression do not seem to be relevant, sociodemographic factorssuch as being a woman or one’s own experiences in relation to COVID-19 seem to be risk or protective factorsthat should be studied to prevent anxiety in pandemic contexts.
Keywords
Year of Publication
2022
Journal
Ansiedad y Estrés
Volume
28
Issue
2
Number of Pages
122-130
Date Published
03/2022
Type of Article
Journal Article
ISSN Number
1134-7937
ISBN Number
2174-0437
DOI
10.5093/anyes2022a14