Analysis of the cognitive and affective consequences of gender violence in relation to the type of abuse

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Abstract
Gender violence demonstrates the inequality, subordination and the power in relations of men over women, which could generate neuropsychological deficits and psychopathological symptoms. In order to analyze these consequences, an investigation was carried out with 34 women (17 victims of gender-based violence aged between 25 and 60). The assessment tools used for this research study have been divided into 2: on the one hand, neuropsychological measures composed of: TMT A, TMT B, letters and numbers, Corsi cubes, HVLT and d2 Attention Test. These tools have been used to measure processing speed, attention and memory. On the other hand, psychopathological tests STAI, BDI-II, ISA and EGEP-5 have been used to measure anxiety, depression, abuse and post-traumatic stress respectively. After the data analysis, the results demonstrated that the abuse is related to greater neuropsychological deficits and psychopathological symptoms. In addition, high levels of stress were associated with a worse working memory. Furthermore, no significant differences were found in relation to the type of abuse in psychopathological symptoms, but they appeared in some neuropsychological variables such as long-term memory and working visual memory. The data obtained in this study point out the necessity to focus the attention on the cause of these differences since they could be related to physical and psychological abuse, as well as the effects that these cognitive deficits and the increase in levels of anxiety and depression have on battered women's quality of life.
Year of Publication
2020
Journal
Ansiedad y Estrés
Volume
26
Issue
1
Number
Number of Pages
39-45
Date Published
06/2020
Type of Article
Journal article
Publisher
ISSN Number
1134-7937
ISBN Number
2174-0437
DOI
10.1016/j.anyes.2020.01.003