Stress and coping strategies in people with intellectual disabilities: A systematic review
Over recent years, studies have been conducted on stress in the general population but not in people with disabilities. The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the impact of stress, as well as the coping strategies used by people with intellectual disabilities. 137 potential articles published between 2007 and 2016 were obtained from various databases: EBSCO host, CSIC, PubMed, Psyke, PubPsych, ERIC, Scopus and WOS. Three met the inclusion criteria. The results suggested that people with intellectual disabilities have particular difficulties in dealing with interpersonal relationships, tend to use avoidance coping strategies rather than active coping strategies, and use active strategies that are more focused on the problem than on the emotion, except in very distressing situations, in which case they employ defensive coping strategies. More studies are needed, particularly in our setting, in order to establish solid conclusions regarding the management of stress in this population.
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Ansiedad y Estrés
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